Center of Minimally Invasive Surgery


Diagnostic tests in adults include the following:

  • Full Blood Count and Blood Clotting Studies and Liver function
  • Specific blood and urine tests of Renal function
  • Thyroid &, Parathyroid Function Tests
  • Glomerular Filtration Rate (GFR)
  • Blood sample for prostate cancer (Prostatic Specific Antigen – PSA)
  • Urinalysis and urine culture (MSU: mid-stream-urine)
    Urine Cytology
  • Urothelial cancer urine tests (BTA, BTA-stat, NMP22, AuraTek FDP, QANTICYT system)
  • Hormone urine tests (VMA, steroids, etc)
  • Studies of stone constituents in urine
  • Ultrasound of the urinary tract (kidneys, bladder before &, after micturition) and/or of the scrotum
  • Intravenous Urography ( which is a series of x-rays of the ureter and renal pelvis taken after injecting a contrast agent )
  • Percutaneous Antegrade Urograms
  • Computed axial tomography (CAT) scan with or without contrast
  • Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) with or without Gadolinium ( MRI scan )
  • PET scan
  • Voiding Cystourethrogram
  • Retrograde Urethrogram
  • Retrograde Ureterogram
  • Vasography
  • Lymphagiography
  • Angiography (aorto-renal and selective, inferior veno-cavography and selective, miscellaneous)
  • Digital Rectal Examination
  • Transrectal Ultrasound of the Prostate
  • Prostate biopsies
  • DMSA
  • DTPA / MAG-3 indirect / direct
  • Bone Scan
  • Gallium-67 nuclear scan
  • Octreoscan
  • Uroflowmetry
  • Cystometrogram, which measures bladder pressure at various stages of filling
  • Urodynamic studies
  • Urethroscopy, Cystoscopy, which is an examination of the bladder and urethra: flexible / rigid
  • Bladder biopsies
  • Ureteroscopy / Uretero-renoscopy: rigid / flexible
  • Percutaneous uretero-renoscopy
  • Renal Biopsy (percutaneous or laparoscopically assisted)
  • Exploratory laparoscopy

Some of the above may require general anaesthetic or might be repeated in regular intervals.

Attention! The information provided here is for educational and informational purposes only. In no way should it be considered as offering medical advice. Please check with your physician for further evaluation.

Send your reply